Stages of Responding to Trauma

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First Stage:           we begin Dealing with  a Catastrophic Event

  • Crisis/Chaos/Shock
  • Denial: “Normalizing”
  • Hoping against Hope

What we need:

  • Support
  • Comfort…….
  • Empathy for confusion ………
  • Help finding resources
  • Crisis management……….
  • Reassurance………
  • Empathy for pain
  • Permission to be numb ……… 
  • HOPE …………
  • NAMI

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Second Stage:          we are Learning to Cope

  • Anger/Guilt/Resentment
  • Recognition
  • Grief

What we need: …………

  • To permit and vent feelings……………….
  • To keep hope……….
  • Self-Care
  • Networking ………….
  • Skill Training………
  • To let go ………………
  • To learn the system            
  • HOPE ……………..
  • NAMI

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Third State             we are Moving into Advocacy

  • Understanding
  • Acceptance
  • Advocacy/Action

What we need: ……………

  • To restore balance in life …………………..
  • Responsiveness from the system ……………….…
  • To find meaning ………………. 
  • A sense of empowerment  …………………
  • Activism …………………………..
  • HOPE……………… 
  • NAMI